In 2017, Canada will celebrate the 150th anniversary of Confederation. How much do you know about your home and native land? Test your knowledge of the events of the Confederation with the CANADA 150 quiz, courtesy of the Historica Dominion Institute.
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Confederation was officially proclaimed on July 1 of what year?
Question 1 Explanation:
July 1st is Canada Day for a reason! After years of negotiations, Confederation was achieved in 1867 with the passing of the British North America Act.
This well-connected Father of Confederation was a key supporter of culture as heritage and the development of distinctly Canadian literature. He was assassinated in a supposed Irish nationalist plot.
Question 2 Explanation:
Thomas D’Arcy McGee was a politician, journalist, poet and historian. He supported Confederation, the transcontinental railway and was a close friend of Sir John A. Macdonald. His funeral in Montréal drew thousands of people.
This 1864 meeting began as a discussion of Maritime union but soon expanded to include the Province of Canada. It did not result in any definite resolutions but set Confederation in motion.
Question 3 Explanation:
Delegates arrived in Charlottetown on Sept. 1, 1864 for a week of meetings.
Which province was not one of the first four to join Confederation?
Question 4 Explanation:
Ontario, Québec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick were the first four provinces to join Confederation. Manitoba was the fifth, joining in 1870.
Which Canadian statesman did not attend the Charlottetown (1864), Québec (1864) or London (1866-67) Conferences and thus is not considered a Father of Confederation?
Sir John A. Macdonald
Sir Hector-Louis Langevin
Sir Oliver Mowat
Sir Antoine-Aimé Dorion
Question 5 Explanation:
Dorion was a well-known Parti Rouge leader in Canada East. Though he was connected politically to several Fathers of Confederation (such as George Brown), Dorion was vehemently opposed to it.
Confederation came about from a variety of problems, difficulties and perceived threats. Which of the following was not a key issue in Confederation?
Independence from Great Britain
Threat of American invasion
Question 6 Explanation:
Confederation delegates were not interested in independence from Great Britain; rather they worked with Britain to achieve an agreement.
This newspaper magnate was a Father of Confederation whose name now graces a Toronto college.
William Lyon Mackenzie
Sir Henry Pellatt
Question 7 Explanation:
George Brown was a journalist and politician originally from Edinburgh. He launched the Toronto Globe (a precursor to the Globe and Mail) in 1844 to advocate for responsible government. He was a prominent coalition builder in the lead-up to Confederation.
Which once and future prime minister lost the 1874 election after it became known that he solicited bribes during the transcontinental railway’s construction?
Sir John A. Macdonald
Sir Charles Tupper
Sir Hugh Allan
William Lyon Mackenzie King
Question 8 Explanation:
The Pacific Scandal revealed that Macdonald, along with other Conservatives, had solicited $360,000 (about $10 million today) in campaign donations from promoters, notably shipping magnate Sir Hugh Allan, who was rewarded with the contract to build the transcontinental railway.
Which prime minister has served the longest unbroken term to date?
Sir Wilfrid Laurier
Sir Charles Tupper
Question 9 Explanation:
Laurier served as prime minister for 15 years from July 11, 1896 to Oct. 6, 1911.
This April 9 to April 14, 1917, battle has often been described as the beginning of a Canadian national identity.
Battle of the Somme
Question 10 Explanation:
After much training and rehearsal, the Canadian Corps retook the strategically important ridge outside of Arras, France. Nearly 3,600 Canadians were killed. The Canadian National Vimy Memorial sits atop the ridge, overlooking the Artois region. Designed by Walter Allward, the memorial is located on land ceded by France to Canada in perpetuity for use as a memorial park.
What is the rhyming name for the scandal that erupted in 1926 after the governor general refused to prorogue Parliament at the prime minister’s request?
The Meighen-Sheehan Affair
The King-Byng Affair
The Laurier-Sorry, Eh? Affair
The Tupper-Supper Affair
Question 11 Explanation:
Parliament voted to censure the Liberal minority government on a motion of no- confidence. Prime Minister Mackenzie King asked Governor General Viscount Byng to dissolve Parliament. Byng refused and King resigned, but won re-election after Arthur Meighen’s Conservative government was itself defeated three months later.
What is the Statute of Westminster (1931)?
An Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom granting legislative equality
A statue in Westminster Abbey
An Act of Parliament of the Government of Canada demanding legislative equality
An internationally-renowned dog show
Question 12 Explanation:
The statute granted self-governing dominions of the British Empire (like Canada) full legal freedom, except in areas where they chose to remain under British law. It wasn’t perfect. Until 1982, Britain retained the power to amend the Canadian Constitution.
In 1942, a national plebiscite during the Second World War sparked a fierce debate over military service and national unity. What was it about?
Entering the Second World War
Selling war bonds
Free donuts for troops
Question 13 Explanation:
Conscription had been contentious since Robert Borden’s government pushed it through in 1917. The division was largely between anglophone supporters of conscription and its francophone opponents. The 1942 plebiscite on conscription saw 80 per cent support in English-speaking Canada, with 72.9 per cent opposition in Québec. In the end, only 12,908 conscripted soldiers were sent overseas after much political wrangling.
What was the name of Canada’s flag before the Maple Leaf?
The Red Ensign
The Blue Ensign
Question 14 Explanation:
The Red Ensign was the official flag of Canada until it was replaced by the Maple Leaf in 1965. It was based on the flag flown by British merchant ships, with the Union Jack in the upper corner next to the staff and the Canadian coat of arms in the fly.
The 1967 Centennial celebration song “Ca-na-da!” was written by which Canadian performer?
Question 15 Explanation:
In 1967, the refrains of Bobby Gimby’s “Ca-na-da” echoed endlessly across the nation. Known as the “Pied Piper of Canada,” Gimby was a prominent children’s performer. “One little, two little, three Canadians...”
At the April 17, 1982, ceremony for the patriation of the Constitution of Canada, which politician swore in the presence of Queen Elizabeth II when he discovered the fountain pen was broken?
Question 16 Explanation:
Chrétien, then minister of justice, swore after seeing that Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau had broken the tip off the fountain pen he was to use. He uttered the offending word in French under his breath, but the bilingual Queen heard him and noticeably chuckled.
What is the name of the controversial clause in the 1982 Constitution that allows federal Parliament or provincial legislatures to pass laws that contravene sections of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms?
The notwithstanding clause
The notwithholding clause
The heretofore clause
The kitchen clause
Question 17 Explanation:
The clause was a key compromise in constitutional negotiations. It has built in checks such as a five year expiry date. The notwithstanding clause cannot override mobility, democratic or official language rights.
Which of the following statements is most often associated with Canada’s constitution?
Peace, order and good government
Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
Liberty, equality, fraternity
A mare usque ad mari (“From sea to sea”)
Question 18 Explanation:
"Peace, order and good government” may sound less revolutionary than other national slogans, but that’s because it wasn’t borne out of an uprising.
Which Manitoba politician was instrumental in preventing the passing of the Meech Lake Accord, which would have amended the 1982 Constitution in exchange for Québec’s support?
Question 19 Explanation:
Harper, an Opposition MLA, filibustered the Manitoba government’s decision to hold a vote on the accord. The province required unanimous consent to bypass public consultation. Harper, who is Cree, felt that Aboriginal communities had not been properly consulted.
Which bridge, completed in 1997, is the longest bridge in the world to cross ice-covered water?
Lions Gate Bridge
Question 20 Explanation:
The bridge connects Prince Edward Island with mainland Canada (New Brunswick). It is free to cross over to P.E.I., but costs money to leave, which raises the question: “Why leave?”
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