Eye Care and Danger

According to The Mayo Clinic Health Letter, the key to preventing vision loss is regular eye examinations – at least every two to four years "between ages 40 and 65, and every one to two years after age 65. If you have a family history of eye disease, such as glaucoma or macular degeneration, or a chronic condition that can affect your eyes, such as diabetes, you may need annual examinations. A complete eye examination typically includes a thorough history, eye function tests and an examination of the appearance of your eye."

Since many eye problems require immediate care, it’s vital you report any change in your eyes or vision to an ophthalmologist as soon as possible. Signs to act upon: sudden loss of vision, double, blurred or distorted vision or severe pain in one or both eyes; flashes and floaters, with or without specks, in your visual field; and severe redness in one or both eyes, with or without discharge, pain, or visual symptoms.

If you’ve suffered an injury to the eye that’s in any way affecting your vision, or if you have something caught in your eye that isn’t dislodged by the normal flow of tears, see an ophthalmologist.

Y can also reduce the risk of eye problems by exercising proper control over chronic conditions, such as diabetes, that may lead to complications in the eye. If you’re over 50, protect your eyes from glare: Buy full-coverage, wraparound sunglasses that block 90 to 100 per cent of UVA and UVB light – and be aware that sunglasses that don’t block both rays can be worse than nothing at all, as they reduce glare enough to dilate your pupil, which allows even more harmful UV rays to enter your eye. And avoid eye-strain: For reading or other detail work, make sure you’ve got plenty of direct light.