Glossary

Domain or Virtual Domain: is the actual ‘name’ of the computer on the net. It is part of an URL, and follows a format like: www.ican.net or www.netscape.com.

Download: transferring a file from a ‘remote’ computer to your ‘local’ computer.

FTP: File Transfer Protocol – the method used for transferring files from one computer to another over a network.

Host: Host, or Hostname, is the same as a domain name (see domain).

HTML: Hyper Text Markup Language – a special ‘coding language’ that web pages are written in that are interpreted by a web browser.

HTTP: Hyper Text Transfer Protocol – the method that web pages are transferred over a network.

ISP: Internet Service Provider – a company that provides Internet access and other various Internet services to the public.

ISDN: a faster way to access the Internet from a remote computer, uses a special ISDN modem, and a special phone line that can be ordered from your local phone company. Standard modems transmit data at app. 3 Kb/sec., an ISDN connection will transmit up to approximately 16-20 Kb/sec.

Kb: Kilobyte – a defined amount of data, equa 1000 bytes

Meg: Megabyte – equals 1 million bytes, or 1000 Kb.

PPP: Point-Point Protocol – the most common method used for dial-up access to the internet.

Server: A computer that ‘serves’ files on demand. There are a variety of types – a web server that ‘serves’ web pages, a ftp server that handles ftp requests, a mail server, news server, etc.

Shareware: Software that can be tried out before purchasing. Usually time-limited trial or certain features “locked” until you have paid for the program.

Upload: to transfer files from your (local) computer to another (remote) computer.

URL: Universal Resource Locator – the full ‘path’ for a particular location on the net (ex: http://www.fifty-plus.net) The first part (http://) indicates the TYPE of content (in this case, a web page), and the second part is the domain, or name of the particular location.