Foreign Affairs minister Chrystia Freeland has a tough task ahead of her as NAFTA talks get underway this week.

This week the Liberal government begins its final push to salvage the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), a deal that many feel has been hugely beneficial to Canada.

But as talks get underway in Montreal, Canada’s trade team is clearly not in a strong bargaining position against its cantankerous neighbours to the south. President Donald Trump has already made it clear on multiple occasions that if the NAFTA isn’t rebalanced in favour of the U.S., he’ll walk away from it.

Implemented in 1994, the NAFTA deal removed tarrifs on the flow of goods and services between Canada, the U.S. and Mexico. The feeling south of the border is that Canada and Mexico are getting far more out of the deal than the U.S., leading to calls that the deal be completely renegotiated or ripped up.

That leaves Foreign Affairs minister Chrystia Freeland with a virtually impossible task. She must not only convince the U.S. delegation that NAFTA is beneficial to all three countries but also carve out a new deal that doesn’t concede all trade benefits to the U.S. While she’s been desperately working the U.S. political corridors to shore up support for NAFTA, she’s failed to gain support from Trump insiders.

The main problem the administration has against NAFTA is the U.S. has big trade deficits with both partners: Mexico ($60 million per year) and Canada ($11 million per year). The president blames it for the loss of the countless manufacturing jobs that have shifted to Mexico over the life of the deal and feels China is taking advantage of the deal by selling its goods to the U.S. through Mexico.

So the U.S. wants to “rebalance” NAFTA or they’ll have no qualms in walking away from the bargaining table. And if the talks do fail in Montreal, the deal could be in its final death throes, leaving Canadians staring into a future of economic uncertainty.

Here’s what the key players on both sides of the border are saying about NAFTA leading up to this week’s negotiations:


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